By far the most frequent questions I have been asked at kobotalk in recent time are what small scale business would I recommend in present day Nigeria that somebody can easily start with small amount of investment capital?
The eality is hitting, and more and more people, young and old now want to know how to start a business in order to leave the comfort of paid jobs.
Over 4 million Nigerians lost their jobs in 2017 according to National Bureau of Statistics data. Many more had jobs that they wished they hadn’t – they were underemployed and so many more that had jobs were not paid for the greater part of the year.
This state of affairs, coupled with degenerating macroeconomic conditions has become an important driver for many people wanting to start their own businesses.
This post attempts to answer these questions by higlighting some small businesses any one can easily implement even with little capital outlay. With as little investment as N50,000, one can start many of the businesses discussed here.
But before we proceed, permit me to deviate a little and add that irrespective of scale, starting a business requires careful planning for successes to be achieved.
20 Small Scale Business Ideas In Nigeria You Can Sart With little Capital
The small businesses we identify here are scalable, meaning that you can operate at levels your immediate financial capacity can carry and thereafter grow to larger scales as you make progress and raise more funding.
#1 Sale of Drinks and Water
Everybody drink water and almost everybody drink non-alcoholic beverages, usually called soft drinks in Nigeria. Your market is the many retail shops in your locality, restaurants, bars, mini fast foods spots and individuals who buy in crates and packs for household consumption.
To do this business successfully, you have to have a regular source of supply. In this regard, you will develop a relationship with major distributors and wholesalers who will give you the drinks and packaged water with discounts; you deliver directly to these retailers identified above with some margin.
The more quantity you are able to supply, the more profit you will make.
To start this business, you will need a cart, some empty crates and cash to buy the drinks. When you develop good relationships with the distributors, you may have access to credit. If you already have a car, you can convert it to your distribution van. There are a variety of drinks you can supply. Do your market survey of your area to know which people buy most and concentrate on those ones.
#2 Bread Supply and Distribution
People eat bread on a daily basis all year round. The demand for bread is so high that a variety of them has come to the market. You can do this business by identifying good bakery to buy from and sell to retailers. All you need is a vehicle with which to distribute your bread and then create a market with shops and supermarket owners scattered all around you. You can start this business with less than N100,000, if you already have a personal car and scale up when you have been able to develop a large number of retailers to whom you supply. If presently do not have a car, not to worry. You can start by hiring a vehicle to deliver your bread and get a delivery van when you have built up the financial capacity.
#3 Eggs Supply and Distribution
Egg is a rich source of protein and is consumed all over the world. Apart from its dietary needs, eggs are used to make many products such as confectionaries, cosmetics, soaps, hair conditioners, shampoo, glue and face masks amongst many others. The uses of egg are so numerous that supply is hardly enough to meet demand.
Supply of egg is a business that can be started in small scale and grow to become a big venture. If you want to go into this business, the first thing you must do is to identify poultry farms that produce quality eggs and/or large egg distributors. You buy from these farms or distributors and supply to retail shops, supermarkets, fast food joints, bakers and even households. Then develop a network of buyers who are many and varied around your neighboyrhood. What you will need to succeed in this business are empty egg crates and a delivery van. Minus the delivery van, you can start this business with less than N100,000. If you have a vehicle already, you can go into this business straight away but if you don’t have a vehicle, you can still start by using a cart to deliver your goods and later acquire a used vehicle.
If you can write or have the capacity to learn how to write, you can start a blog in a niche of your interest. Blogging has become one good way of launching an internet business. It is popular and profitable if you get it right and what more, you can start with little or no capital. All you need is an internet access, a good research skill, an interest and a laptop and lot of time. In fact your most important and perhaps expensive investment in a blogging career may be your time. Set up a free blog with wordpress or blogger or if you have some money, set up your blog on self hosted server; populate your blog with quality content, get people to read your content (drive traffic), get their confidence and monetize your blog with google adsebse, display advert, affiliate marketing or sell information products such as ebooks, etc. Blogging has made a lot of Nigerian youths millionaires but it is not as easy as it sounds, nothing good comes easy. If you are prepared to learn, spend time, work hard and be patient, blogging will make you rich.
#5 Sale of Mobile Pone Accessories
This is very lucrative business you can start with small capital – with as little as N50,000 you are in business. While you will do well by renting a space if you have the money, this business can also be done in mobile fashion i.e by carrying your products to places they are needed. In this case, you have first identify your market and feed them with their needs. What drives this business is the rapid growth in the use of mobile phones in Nigeria. Nigeria has an estimated population of 180 million people. Over 160 million of this population is connected through the mobile phone line. A certain study showed that most Nigerian carry two phones in spite of the influx of dual SIM phones.
Accessories that are common demand include batteries, memory cards, battery charges, ear pieces, screen guards, pouches, etc. You can get your supplies from Computer Village in Lagos or online through the many online stores. Phone Accessories business is one sure of way of getting into online importation.
#6 Mobile Phone Repairs
Phone repairs business will fetch you good money if you are patient to learn how to repair and maintain mobile phones. With less than N50,000 you can start a phone repair and maintenance business from the corner of your home. All you need to start is a little training, a laptop, software tools, some regular home tools (screw driver, soldering iron, brush, battery tester, etc) and some marketing to let people know what you do. You will also need to develop good relationship with dealers of quality accessories. With less than N5,000 you can buy a complete repair kit from popular ecommerce stores paying with your Naira debit cards and set for business.
#7 Dry Cleaning and Laundry Services
As people get busier and more women engage in work or business to assist in the family, the demand for services of drycleaners will continue to be in the rise. This business has made some smart people millionaires and the good thing is that you can start very small even from home. All you need is a washing machine, pressing table, good quality pressing iron, washing basin, and garment conveyor for keeping dry cleaned clothes. You can start by serving your neighborhood, your colleagues at work and other working class people. Differentiate yourself by doing home deliveries and pick up, especially for your corporate staff clients
#8 Plantain Chips Making And Sales
You have seen it everywhere; that crunchy snack made from plantain. Hawkers sell it in traffic and along the highways but what you may not know is that it is a big money making business for those who produce it. What else, you don’t need to be a UAC or Leventis Food to engage in plantain chip business. A small-scale plantain chip enterprise with an initial investment of say, N50,000 is capable of returning N10,000 in profit on a daily basis. You can do this business from your kitchen with a little expense to print your branded pack. You will need to get some coaching from someone already doing the business, learn some recipe and develop a supply chain both for your raw materials (plantain) and finished products.
#9 Ice block Production and Sale
Nigeria is located within the tropical climate region with abundance of sunlight and heat. The weather is mostly hot and people always need cold refreshing water to drink and keep their systems hydrated.
Unfortunately, electricity supply is very poor, making it difficult for homes to maintain adequate stock of cold water in their refrigerators. This is what makes ice block production a money spinning business to do. People require ice block to keep their water and drink cold. It is needed at all times especially during the hot season which is experienced about 300 days out of the 365 days of the year in Africa.
Your market includes households around your neighbourhood, retail shops, restaurants and bars that need to keep their drinks iced cold at all times. Party organizers also constitute your market and this occurs every weekend in the cities. The beauty of this business is that you can start small with what you have already. If you have a deep freezer and a medium sized generator, then you are good to go. As you make money, you can scale up by acquiring ice block making machine.
#10 Liquid Soap Production
The market for liquid soap is so enormous that the established brands are not meeting demand. It is a product that is needed by every household and as the population increases, so also will be the demand. If you look around you, you will find homemade liquid soaps with no branding at all, packaged in used plastic bottle being sold for between N50 and N100. With a little investment, you can make so much money producing liquid soap and selling to supermarkets and other shops that retail to end users, restaurants, bakers, caterers and home keepers. You may have to acquire some training which is available at vocational centres run by churches, government and non-governmental organizations. Create a large market by branding and fine packaging and you will smile to the bank.
#11 Car Wash
The need for car wash will always be on the rise and anybody can do this business irrespective of age. With a little more capital, you can start a car wash that appeal to upwardly mobile individuals by setting up a sitting area decorated with TV set where your customer will sit while their cars are being washed. You can make it a multiple income stream business if you have the space by adding the sale of drinks, shawama, etc at the sitting area. The critical things needed for a car wash business is the space which can be rented, source of water and washing machine.
Also Read: Start A Car Wash Business And Smile to The Bank for a more detailed information on this business idea.
#12 Rental Services
People always need things that do not have. Some of the things you can stock to rent out include chairs, canopies, vacuum cleaners, cutleries, cooking utensils, music box, ladder, etc. The list is endless. Once you are known to be engaged in this business in your environment, you may not be able to meet demand. If you have an interesting range of expensive gadgets or equipment, you might consider exploiting them for side income business hiring them out on hourly use basis. If the business gets going, you can add more items as you discover what people like renting. Prepare a leaflet, advertise in local newspaper or use the social media to announce your services.
#13 Mini Importation
The internet has redefined trade and commerce. Many people have struck gold by importing items online through ecommerce sites like Alibaba, Aliexperess DHgate, global sources, etc. With less than N100,000 you can start this business. What you have to do is identify the little, little things that people need; search these ecommerce sites, find a procurement agent who will buy the items and send to you, sell in locally and make your profits. Even with the falling value of the Naira, people who are engaged in this business still smile to the bank. Items you can import and many varied and may include: mobile phone accessories, cosmetics, fashion items, etc
#14 Information Marketing
This is another internet based business that has taken people out of poverty in Nigeria. Do you know anything that people don’t know, or know something that other people know but can present it differently or know someone who knows something that others may not know? You may be on your way to making money by packaging the information in the form of a report, an ebook, video, or audio and sell online. You can't write? Don’t worry! The market is massive and opportunity still growing. You do not have to write it as there are many resources online to help you. You can outsource the writing on fiverr.com, buy master resell right or private label rights books, rewrite and rebrand to your choice and sell.
#15 Affiliate Marketing
This lucrative online money making opportunity anyone can start with little or no investment. An affiliate marketer is one who helps companies or individuals sell their products and earn commission. Products you can sell online here can be digital products or physical products. You can sign on with as many affiliate programmes as you can handle and use your affiliate links to promote the products through the social media or by creating dedicated websites. Many people in Nigeria have become millionaires through affiliate programmes.
#16 Website Design and Maintenance
Many businesses, both big and small, are going online. Many high networth individuals like politicians, chieftains of corporate organizations and successful business people are now using online tools such as websites to promote their individual brands and personality. This trend has increased the demand for website designers. If you learn how to use common design tools and build good websites, you are in for good business. To be successful you need to need to know how to design professional websites, create web graphics, build web pages, and upload web pages to the server. Other skills you will need include domain name registration and how hosting services work. As you gain capacity, you may add domain name registration and hosting to your service bouquet.
#17 Social Media Marketing
Social media has become an important tool that can drive not only the visibility of businesses but also their profitability. Social is increasingly becoming the first tool of choice that companies use to inform, persuade, educate, and promote their products and services. Indeed, some forward looking companies now have social media strategy as a full service function within their organization while some others outsource this service. This is why there is growing need for people with social media marketing strategy and development skills. Take advantage of this development to learn the tricks of using Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Online Forums, Blogs to sell goods and services and offer this to the many individuals and corporate organizations, including SMEs yearning to launch into the digital marketing space and make money for yourself.
#18 Food Cart/Mobile Food Business
Food is one of the primary needs of man. Whatever the condition is with a man, he must eat. As a result food business will always be a lucrative one. You can enter food business through mobile food vending. The key to success here is to differentiate yourself by choosing a specialty menu, a niche and a market segment. You cannot be everything to everybody. Select your market carefully where the returns is higher. For example, you can choose to serve workers of big organizations like banks, oil and gas companies, and multinational organizations and develop a relationship with their HR departments to allow you bring your food during their launch or within specific hours of the day. You can add special delivery of specialty food to busy executive as part of your service.
#19 Sports Betting Agency
Sports betting have become a goldmine in Nigeria as the young and old take advantage of their love for football to make money while enjoying the round leather game. This also explains the reason there is an upsurge in sport betting companies (book makers). These sports betting companies cannot be everywhere and this is why they need agents who relate directly with betters. You will need a neat environment for an office space ( a shop will do), a generator, a computer, a printer, an internet connection And a fixtures board. You will then sign an agency agreement with the bookmaker of your choice. With some companies, you make money in three ways, viz: board game, virtual game and deposit you make on behalf of your customers. With N250,000 you can sure be in this business and begin to smile to the bank.
#20 Viewing Centre
This business will continue to be good as long as the game of football keep developing and the crowd of football lovers continue to exist. What add to the fun of watching football matches in viewing centres is the debate to goes with fans of the opposing teams, though sometimes this gets nasty.
You can make serious money by establishing football viewing centres in your neighbourhood. All you need is a space which can be carved out from your home or you operate from a rented shop, a TV set (large screen will serve the purpose best), DSTV decoder and subscription to premium bouquet, a generator chairs and good lighting. Also, make sure that the environment is well ventilated. Because matches are not played every day or even every weekend, you may decide to monetize the free days by adding a game centre to your business.
Now you have it. 20 Small Scale Businesses You Can Start Right Now With Little Capital. These are just highlights. You will need to do proper studies of any of the ideas that interest you before you take the plunge. If you require our input in terms of feasibility studies, business plan preparation, field investigation or business registration, feel free to contact us.
We shall also be doing more detailed write up on some of the small scale businesses highlighted here in future posts, so keep visiting us here or better still subscribe to our mailing list for updates.
Have any business idea, please share it with us.